Building Back Greener: Addressing Climate Change in Asia

Climate change and environmental degradation are increasingly impacting our society and have highlighted the necessity for collective action by individuals, governments, and the private sector. However, in a region where most economies are still emerging, striking a balance between ambitious environmental efforts and development goals adds a layer of complexity.

This report examines the ways in which Asian private capital—from corporations, investors and philanthropists—is being brought to bear on environmental challenges. Drawing insights from interviews with 163 individuals and experts from companies, foundations, and nonprofits across 10 Asian economies (Mainland China, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, Philippines, Chinese Taipei, and Thailand) we look at what actions local companies and organizations are taking to adapt to and mitigate environmental challenges. It provides unique Asian perspectives on climate action and offers recommendations for public and private sectors.

The report identifies four characteristics of the ways in which funders push resources towards environmental challenges, identifies the challenges companies and organizations face when doing so and presents recommendations and next steps for funders in this space.

Asia’s social sector sees a funding decline

SME Horizon

COVID-19 has exacerbated income inequalities and social disparities across Asia, serving as a force multiplier for trends already in place. Assessing performance across four sub-indexes – Regulations, Tax and Fiscal Policy, Ecosystem, and Procurement – CAPS’ biennial flagship study, the Doing Good Index 2022, examines the social investment landscape in Asia. Read here.

In Conversation With Ruth Shapiro, Founder and Chief Executive of Centre for Asia Philanthropy and Society

Prestige

According to the Doing Good Index 2022, which analyses the social investment landscape in Asia, Covid-19 has exacerbated social disparities and income inequalities and across the region. We talk to Dr. Ruth Shapiro, the Co-Founder and Chief Executive of the Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS), which conducts the study biennially, about the pandemic’s impact on people in Asia, her work and improving Hong Kong’s social sector. Read here.

Funding for Asian NGOs falls amid tighter regulations

Philanthropy Age

Almost half of Asia’s social delivery organisations have reported a decline in funding in the last 12 months, some as much as 50 percent, according to new research. The Hong Kong-based Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS) surveyed more than 2,000 entities and some 120 experts across 17 Asian economies, including India, Pakistan, China, and Singapore. Read here.

The Doing Good Index Reveals Asia’s Social Sector Sees a Funding Decline Despite Having the Highest Pandemic-Induced Poverty Globally

Yahoo Finance

Covid-19 has exacerbated income inequalities and social disparities across Asia, serving as a force multiplier for trends already in place. A new social impact study released today by the Centre for Asian Philanthropy and Society (CAPS) shows how to maximize philanthropic and policy responses to cope with these post-Covid challenges. Read here.

Doing Good Index 2022

Assessing the Health and Well-being of Asia’s Social Sector

Doing Good Index microsite

Our interactive microsite lets you visualize, explore and compare our data. Use our graphics and maps to help you understand Asia at a glance. The data dashboard allows you to compare economies and track changes across time. Economy profiles present a visual and digestible deep dive into each economy.

What is the Doing Good Index?

The Doing Good Index 2022 is the most comprehensive social impact index in Asia to date, highlighting the factors that drive or hinder private capital flowing towards social and economic challenges across 17 Asian economies.

The Doing Good Index comes at a critical time when economies have been heavily impacted by the Covid-19 pandemic. Inequalities have been exacerbated, and hard-won progress in social and economic growth has been undone. An estimated two-thirds of those newly forced into poverty live in South Asia, East Asia and the Pacific.

To address these shared challenges, all parts of society—individuals, companies, government and the social sector—must work together to drive more resources towards building a better future together. The Doing Good Index shows how. It provides a roadmap of the policies and practices that can unleash this capital by mitigating the trust deficit; leveraging local support; and facilitating cross-sector collaboration.

In 2022 we surveyed 2,239 SDOs and interviewed 126 experts across 17 Asian economies. In mapping the landscape of social investment, the study examines four sub-indices: Regulations, Tax and Fiscal Policy, Ecosystem, and Procurement. We also include a section on how the Covid-19 pandemic impacted the social sector.

The Doing Good Index is published every two years. Read the inaugural edition from 2018 and our 2020 edition.

Dr. Vichit Suraphongchai (Thailand)
Title
Chairman of the Board & Chairman of the Corporate Social Responsibility Committee
Organization
Siam Commercial Bank
Country
Thailand

Published date: 10 January 2022

With a population of 10 million, Bangkok has a mere 6.8m2 of public green space per resident, lagging behind the World Health Organization’s recommended availability of 9m2, and dismally behind the average of 39m2 across 22 major Asian cities.[1]

As the health benefits of outdoor physical activity become more apparent, particularly in the aftermath of Covid-19, demand for dedicated spaces is growing. In 2018, Bangkok welcomed the opening of the Happy and Healthy Bike Lane, a 23.5km bike lane open to the public for free, where everyone is welcome.

The success of this project is in no small part thanks to the vision of Dr. Vichit Suraphongchai, Chairman of the Board at Siam Commercial Bank. Under his guidance, the Bank took on the bike lane project as part of its corporate social responsibility (CSR) efforts.

CAPS sat down with Vichit to understand what drives him, his approach to CSR, and strategies for bringing partners on board to execute successful projects.

CAPS: Thank you for taking the time to speak with us today. Can you tell us more about the Happy and Healthy Bike Lane? How was it that you came to be involved in this project? 

Vichit: This project is very dear to my heart because biking is a personal passion and I have biked many lanes around the world.

The track was initially set up in 2014 and known as Green Lane because it was painted green. I went to ride there a few months after it had opened and saw that it was in very poor condition. The nature of the soil underneath is alluvial: this means the soil becomes dislodged easily causing cracks and faults in the track. This affects the quality of cycling and can also cause accidents.

I felt there was immense scope to improve the quality of the track. Once the track had been rebuilt and reinforced, it could be opened to the public free of cost. And the location, near the airport, was ideal because there are no big buildings around. When you ride there, it feels like you’re riding in the countryside. It’s beautiful and you can see airplanes taking off and landing.

I knew that this would make a fantastic CSR project and who better than Siam Commercial Bank to lead the initiative!

CAPS: You had to convince other partners, including corporates, to come on board this initiative. How did you do that?

Vichit: Right from the start, I knew that we needed partnerships to execute this project successfully, both with the airport authority and with other corporations. Over the course of several meetings and conversations, I painted a clear vision for a world-class bicycle lane. I also emphasized that the project would be funded entirely through CSR. There was some initial skepticism, but finally, the airport authority agreed to collaborate and granted a 10-year concession for the land, both to build the bike track and for a bike center close by. Of course, we had to agree to several conditions to ensure that the land would be used purposefully and that airport security would not be compromised in any way.

Siam Commercial Bank was willing to contribute ฿600 million (approximately US$18 million) but could not foot the bill for the renovation of the entire 23.5km stretch of the track by itself. I approached several large corporations here in Thailand and asked them for a share of their CSR budget. I asked for a 50% upfront payment to cover the costs of capital expenditures like tracks, facilities and infrastructure, and the remainder in installments to pay for operating expenses over the 10-year concession term.

Many corporates in Thailand were eagerly looking for worthwhile projects that create long-lasting impact. Around the time I approached them with my vision, cycling was getting more traction because it is an outdoor activity that’s great for health. That was certainly helpful.

Today, all my partners are very pleased with the results. They can see that their money was well spent and has contributed to making people happy, and so they are proud of their contribution.

CAPS: Through the bike lane, you also created a space for the community. How did you make that happen?

Vichit: When we started, the 23.5km bike lane (painted blue) was mostly used by ardent cyclists. As more and more cyclists, both experienced and beginners, started using the track, we realized that the capacity of the blue track was not enough. So we added a second bike lane (painted purple) for advanced riders, as well as a shorter 1.5km track for beginners. We also added a bike rental facility, a kid’s bike park, a jogging lane, and a food outlet. To ensure the safety of visitors, we also built a clinic on site.

I always knew that this place was not just meant to be a bike track. What we’re truly proud of is that the project has become a community destination. People come here to meet like-minded people, meet old friends, and make new ones. With all the added facilities, the whole family can come and have a great time, from young children to the oldest generation. Today, we have 20,000-30,000 riders a week including older folks, children, women, and professional cyclists.

It was always the vision that the bike lane should not just be about encouraging people to exercise, but to do so in an inclusive manner, regardless of gender, age, biking experience or ability to pay. The bike lane is now a landmark in Thailand. Its inauguration was presided over by His Majesty the King of Thailand.

CAPS: What advice do you have for others who want to execute impactful CSR projects?

Vichit: The first thing I would say is that you have to dream big. Even if there are naysayers and people think you are not being realistic, you still have to believe in your dream.

Once you have the belief that something is a worthwhile project, the next step is presentation. Convincing partners to get on board requires the ability to pitch your vision and explain the impact you are going to have in clear terms.

A lot of companies, especially those with younger management, want to give back to society. They are keen to do good as long as they find impactful and worthwhile projects and a person that they can trust. Building these relationships, expanding your network and finding ways to build trust, are key to securing CSR funding in Thailand.

And of course, once you execute one project well, it really adds to your track record and credibility. From there on, the path becomes much easier for future projects.


[1] United Nations Climate Change. The Greening of Bangkok. Retrieved December 9, 2021, from https://unfccc.int/blog/the-greening-of-bangkok

Civil Society Organization Sustainability Index: Asia

United States Agency for International Development (USAID), FHI 360 & the International Center for Non-For-Profit Law (ICNL)

This annual index analyzes the capacity of civil society organizations in nine countries across Asia: Bangladesh, Cambodia, Indonesia, Nepal, Myanmar, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka and Thailand. It assesses civil society’s capacity to serve both as a partner in the delivery of short-term solutions and in driving longer-term sustainable development outcomes.

2021 edition

2020 edition

2019 edition

2018 edition

Bridging the Talent Gap: A Study on Talent Development in the Philanthropy and Non-Profit Sector

Asia Philanthropy Circle (APC)

This report shines a spotlight on the talent deficit in philanthropy and social sector leadership in Asia. The dearth in talent can limit the ability of the sector to grow when there is insufficient leadership behind it. Recommendations for how challenges in recruitment, integration and retention of talent can be mitigated are discussed. The report draws from 20 interviews conducted in five Southeast Asian countries: Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Read it here.

Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Snapshot: Climate & Environmental Entrepreneurship in Southeast Asia

ANDE, Australian Aid & Stockholm Environment Institute

This report examines the support ecosystem for climate and environmental entrepreneurs in Southeast Asia and identifies challenges and opportunities for entrepreneurship to accelerate the transition to a low-carbon economy in the region. The findings are based on a survey of 221 support organizations, conducted in six Southeast Asian economies that are significant contributors to greenhouse gas emissions and/or are the most vulnerable to climate disasters: Cambodia, Indonesia, Myanmar, the Philippines, Thailand, and Vietnam. The report offers insights on the set of organizations supporting entrepreneurs and gives specific recommendations on ways that support organizations, the private sector and governments can help boost the ecosystem for climate and environmental entrepreneurs.

The publication is part of ANDE’s Entrepreneurial Ecosystem Snapshots, which provide practitioner-focused information to small and growing businesses.

Read it here.